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Recreational use of Adderall may be detrimental to health

Recreational use of Adderall may be detrimental to health

Recreational use of Adderall may be detrimental to health

July 3rd, 2017 | ASAH Team

Prescription drug Adderall, a composite of dextroamphetamine and amphetamine, is used for treating the chronic sleep disorder narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Being a kind of central nervous system (CNS) stimulant, it has the potential to alter the neurotransmitter receptors and chemicals of the brain. In the group of legally approved drugs for consumption, Adderall has the highest potential to trigger dependence and addiction.

Drug abuse, whether legal or illegal, has become a serious concern in the United States. In fact, a large number of people get affected by the problem of drug abuse every year. However, the misuse of stimulant medications, such as Adderall or Ritalin, has been increasing rapidly over the past two decades.

A majority of the studies on the misuse of prescription stimulants have highlighted the dramatic rise of prescribed stimulants among high school and college students, as well as people not affected by ADHD and narcolepsy. When athletes misuse drugs like Adderall for enhancing performance, they run an increased chance of developing other problems, such as psychosis, myocardial infarction, cardiomyopathy, etc. Therefore, the need of the hour is to spread awareness about the aforementioned repercussions.

An old survey, including more than 10,000 students from 4-year universities in the U.S., specified that about 6.9 percent students have an inclination toward developing the lifetime prevalence of nonprescription stimulant misuse. One of the primary reason behind the spike in Adderall use in the widespread misconception that prescription stimulants are nothing but only “smart pills” to enhance concentration and performance.

How addictive is Adderall?

Classified as a Schedule II substance by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, Adderall has a high potential for abuse and can be extremely addictive. Although Adderall does not pose a serious threat if taken through a legal prescription, it can cause serious health risks if taken for recreational use.

Adderall can be easily accessed and carry no hefty rate tags compared to cocaine; however, it incites the same euphoric feelings as in the case of cocaine. Like other stimulants, Adderall too carries the high risk of chemical dependence on the drug. If snorted or abused, it eventually leads to an increased level of tolerance.

The National Center for Health Research (NCHR) has highlighted that more than 2.5 million Americans are prescribed prescription stimulants, such as Adderall or Ritalin, in order to treat ADHD. One of the studies has sketched a vivid picture of the college students who abuse or misuse Adderall suggests. It suggests that such students have a predisposition to abuse other drugs, such as cocaine, prescription pain relievers, tranquilizers, alcohol and marijuana.

Dangers of Adderall abuse

Adderall is often used for recreational or nonmedical purposes. Moreover, it is generally snorted or simply taken by opening the capsule. While Adderall may be termed as a miracle drug in treating the symptoms of ADHD, the misuse of the drug can cause life-threatening issues. The serious health complications associated with Adderall misuse include:

  • Increased blood pressure
  • Accelerated heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite and weight
  • Heart attack or stroke in adult users
  • Delays in development in kids and teens
  • Tolerance, dependence and addiction

Drugs like Adderall intrude the brain’s reward pathways, which are responsible for regulating emotions and pleasure, rise the levels of serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine. The prolonged use of the drug can affect the dopamine level by triggering low mood and other problems.

According to a study published in the journal Molecular Psychiatry, there are also cases of Adderall causing the symptoms of psychosis and schizophrenia, such as paranoid delusions, hallucinations, and other behavioral or mood disturbances like anxiety and panic attacks. It can also ignite bipolar disorder or schizophrenia among people with the history of mental illness.

Monitor administration of stimulants to avoid addiction

Though withdrawal from Adderall can be quite challenging, one can overcome them through his or her will power and determination. By undergoing proper detoxification and appropriate treatment, Adderall addiction can be treated successfully.

If you know someone who is in need of help for addiction to any substance like Adderall, contact the Arizona Substance Abuse Helpline to connect to the best substance abuse treatment centers in Arizona. Call us at our 24/7 helpline number 866-857-5777 or chat online to access information about the substance abuse rehab clinic in Arizona.

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