June 20th, 2016 | ASAH Team
Alcohol is America’s one of the biggest problems, which is evident from high mortality rates due to alcoholism in the country. Many intervention programs designed and implemented to curb alcohol use among the American population have not yielded the desired results mainly due to the ambivalent attitude of Americans towards its intoxicating properties.
In fact, drinking habits are so deeply entwined with the country’s culture that any effort to curtail drinking needs to be backed by a proper research in the area.
A study backed by 25 years of research and conducted on over 6,000 university students has revealed that alcohol intervention programs designed to decrease alcohol use among fraternity or sorority members have no effect. The observations of the study, titled “Alcohol Interventions for Greek Letter Organizations: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, 1987 to 2014,” pinpointed the restricted level of efficacy of current intervention programs in lowering alcohol consumption and the problems related to drinking habits among members of a particular fraternity.
In the study, published online by the American Psychological Association in the journal Health Psychology in May 2016, lead author Dr. Lori Scott-Sheldon of the Miriam Hospital and Brown University said, “Stronger interventions may need to be developed for student members of Greek letter organizations.”
For the study, the scientists systematically combined relevant qualitative and quantitative data obtained from 15 studies based on 21 different interventions. The interventions included details from 6,026 members, including 18 percent women, and various fraternities and sororities.
The scientists observed no major difference between those receiving the interventions and the others with no access to any interventions for alcohol consumption or problems stemming from alcohol abuse. On the contrary, the scientists noted that in some cases, alcohol consumption spiked after intervention.
The study pointed to an interesting practice of Greek students taking drinks in greater frequency and higher quantity when contrasted to students outside the Greek system. Further observation concerning the impact of alcohol-related habits of Greek system students revealed that this group suffered more from alcohol-related disorders than their non-Greek counterparts.
Meta-analyses of similar alcohol interventions among general college students indicated that reduction in alcohol use is possible by executing these programs. This is in contrast to the observations made during the implementation of interventions among college students of Greek letter organizations, wherein the authors of the study believed that the interventions would be effective in diminishing alcohol consumption and its related problems in the students, compared to those who had not experienced them.
The research that was conducted by evaluating and assessing the observations obtained from different studies failed to focus on sororities exclusively, partly because women constituted only 18 percent of the total respondents in the studies. But the findings can be applied to members belonging to different fraternities. The study stressed on the need to design a separate intervention model for those belonging to Greek fraternities. However, further research would be needed to understand the implications of existing interventions on various sororities.
There could be many reasons for people turning to alcohol, though they all end up suffering from similar alcohol-related disorders or complications. Despite its addictive properties, alcohol is easily available and its use is not deemed illegal. Among a host of reasons, such as socio-economic conditions and peer pressure, easy availability of liquor also contributes to alcoholism.
If you or your loved one is addicted to alcohol or any other substance and is seeking relief from addictive habits, you may get in touch with the Arizona Substance Abuse Helpline for more information about the leading substance abuse treatment centers in Arizona. You may call at our 24/7 helpline number 866-857-5777 or chat online for further expert advice on addiction treatment centers in Arizona.